Drug and Substance Abuse

Publications and Reports: ACHA-NCHA II: Spring 2016

The ACHA-National College Health Assessment II (ACHA-NCHA II) is a national research survey organized by the American College Health Association (ACHA) to assist college health service providers, health educators, counselors, and administrators in collecting data about their students’ habits, behaviors, and perceptions on the most prevalent health topics. ACHA initiated the original ACHA-NCHA in 2000 and the instrument was used nation wide through the spring 2008 data collection period. The ACHA-NCHA now provides the largest known comprehensive data set on ...

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Developmental Growth Trajectories of Self-Esteem in Adolescence: Associations with Child Neglect and Drug Use and Abuse in Young Adulthood

Abstract
Neglectful rearing is linked with young adults’ substance use and abuse, though the developmental mechanisms that underlie this association are unclear. The present study examines links between self-esteem growth during adolescence, childhood supervisory versus physical neglect severity, and substance use and abuse in young adulthood. A sample of youth was obtained from the Add Health study (N = 8738; 55.4 %-Female; 20 ...
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The Adolescent Brain

Abstract

Adolescence is a developmental period characterized by suboptimal decisions and actions that are associated with an increased incidence of unintentional injuries, violence, substance abuse, unintended pregnancy, and sexually transmitted diseases. Traditional neurobiological and cognitive explanations for adolescent behavior have failed to account for the nonlinear changes in behavior observed during adolescence, relative to both childhood and adulthood. This review provides a biologically plausible model of the neural mechanisms underlying these nonlinear changes in ...

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Decreasing Substance use Risk among African American Youth: Parent-based Mechanisms of Change

African American couples (N = 139; 67.7 % married; with children between the ages of 9 and 14) were randomly assigned to (a) a culturally sensitive, couple- and parenting-focused program designed to prevent stress-spillover (n = 70) or (b) an information-only control condition in which couples received self-help materials (n = 69). Eight months after baseline, youth whose parents participated in the program, compared with control youth, reported increased parental monitoring, positive racial socialization, and positive self-concept, as well as ...

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Developmental Growth Trajectories of Self-Esteem in Adolescence: Associations with Child Neglect and Drug Use and Abuse in Young Adulthood

Neglectful rearing is linked with young adults’ substance use and abuse, though the developmental mechanisms that underlie this association are unclear. The present study examines links between self-esteem growth during adolescence, childhood supervisory versus physical neglect severity, and substance use and abuse in young adulthood. A sample of youth was obtained from the Add Health study (N = 8738; 55.4 %-Female; 20 %-African American, 14.7 %-Hispanic). Growth mixture modeling analyses supported declining, ascending, and stable high self-esteem trajectories. The declining ...

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Suicide, psychiatric illness, and social maladjustment in intercountry adoptees in Sweden: a cohort study.

BACKGROUND:

Many intercountry adoptees are reaching adolescence in western Europe and the USA, and the mental health and social adjustment of these individuals as adolescents and young adults has now become an important issue. We aimed to assess mental health disorders and social maladjustment in adolescence and young adulthood in intercountry adoptees in Sweden.

METHOD:

Our data was obtained from the Swedish national registers for the cohort born in 1970-79. We used multivariate Cox’s regression models of person-years to compare indicators of suicide ...

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VCU Study: Bad environment Augments Genetic Risk for Drug Abuse

The risk of abusing drugs is greater – even for adopted children – if the family environment in which they are raised is dysfunctional, according to a new study conducted by a collaborative team from Virginia Commonwealth University and Lund University in Sweden.

Previous research suggests that drug abuse is strongly influenced by a mix of genetic factors and the environment, including influences of family and peers. That research is primarily based on twin studies and typically involves families that are ...

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The Teen Brain

NPR writer Richard Knox published an article on the teenage brain to help answer the question many parents ask their teenagers, “What were you thinking?” Pediatric Neurologist Frances Jensen learned that the question is not what teens think but rather how. The teenage brain itself is not fully developed yet, and a crucial part of the brain, the frontal lobes, are not fully connected. Jensen says, “It’s the part of the brain that says: ‘Is this a good idea? What is ...

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Some Stats for Your Back-to-School

U.S. News reports some different statistics, along with charts and graphs, of issues concerning youth in America.

 

Some Stats for Your Back-to-School

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What Buffers Homeless Youth Against Trauma, Drinking, and Drug Use?

Prior research shows that homeless youth use substances at high rates. Most studies have focused on the risk factors that often accompany homeless youth’s drug use, the authors say. This study sought to identify not only risk factors, but also to reveal which protective factors, or “individual and environmental conditions that decrease the likelihood of problem behaviors or buffer the effects of risk,” are effective for homeless youth, Thompson et al. write.

 

What Buffers Homeless Youth Against Trauma, ...

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A Decade of Drug Use by High School Students

Every two years, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) asks more than 13,000 high school students across America about the things they do that put them at risk. We’ve mapped the results from 10 of the survey’s questions to discover how the use of drugs and alcohol in high schools changed between 2003 and 2013. Plus, we examine the latest trends from 2014.

 

A Decade of Drug Use by High School Students

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The Double-Edged Sword: Media Treatment of High-Profile Crimes and the Nation’s Mental Health Treatment Challenges

This use of violent incidents to bring up the lack of mental health services is a difficult conundrum for advocates because the fear it creates in the public about people with disabilities is largely unjustified and further unjustly isolating of people who may already be marginalized. It’s also not clear that these incidents lead to new programming or resources.

 

The Double-Edged Sword: Media Treatment of High-Profile Crimes and the Nation’s Mental Health Treatment Challenges

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